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Advancing Players

The Caddie: A Player’s Second Coach…4 min read

HSBC GolfAuthor: HSBC Golf

Posted on: 4th Aug 2016

A good quality caddie relationship can improve a golfer’s performance by 30%, according to new research published by Loughborough University.

The research, commissioned ahead of the 2014 Open Championship by Open patron HSBC, identifies a clear “link between the golfer-caddie relationship and performance success” and concludes that the right caddie can make a difference of “30% or more”.

The report, titled “Understanding the Quality and Functions of the Golfer-Caddie Relationship”, also revealed that:

  • The higher the level (of golf), the stronger the relationship
  • Long-term partnerships tend to be more successful and desirable
  • Winning strengthens the bond between player and caddie
  • Two-way communication ensures the maintenance of quality golfer/caddie relationships
  • The 4 Cs of Closeness, Commitment, Complementarity and Co-Orientation define a quality player-caddie relationship

The research was conducted by Dr Sophia Jowett, Director of Research Degrees at Loughborough University’s School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences.

She said: “There is, of course, anecdotal evidence which highlights the importance of the player-caddie relationship but we wanted to scientifically evaluate the caddie contribution – I guess you could call it the ‘Caddie Factor’.

Kaymer of Germany is congratulated by his caddy after sinking an eagle putt on the fifth green during the third round of the U.S. Open Championship in Pinehurst

“Based on the feedback from our participants, the right caddie can improve a golfer’s performance by 30% or more and the relationship is critical to success – golfers highlighted how caddies energised, motivated and supported them. All participants agreed that the relationship is stronger and better at the highest level of performance.

“Both caddies and golfers felt that the length of good quality relationships can aid their purpose and bring about performance success and acknowledged the best players tended to have longer relationships with their caddie.

“The majority of golfers and caddies felt that performance accomplishments can promote the relational bonds between golfers and caddies – strengthen the relationship and its longevity.

“The 4 Cs are fundamental to a successful partnership – Closeness includes trust, appreciation and respect, Commitment is about long-term orientations, Complementarity is about responsiveness, openness and acceptance of roles, and Co-Orientation includes shared knowledge and understanding. Not surprisingly, communication is very important and most disagreements revolved around golf strategies such as club selection and shot decisions.”

Marcel Siem of Germany poses with the trophy after winning the BMW Masters 2014 golf tournament at Lake Malaren Golf Club in Shanghai

Dr Jowett’s research culminated in the development of a computer software application called TANDEM, which is due to be released at the end of this year and will initially be available to coaches and athletes who wish to understand the effectiveness of their sporting partnership while identifying challenges that may be limiting their progress.

Double Open Champion Padraig Harrington is in no doubt of the value of the right caddie. The Irishman, who won the Claret Jug in 2007 and 2008, said: “It’s simple. In 2007 my caddie Ronan Flood won me The Open.

“On the Sunday I hit my tee shot in the water on 18 and was despondent, I then hit my third shot into the water again and felt like I’d lost. I had to walk about 150 yards for my next shot and Ronan was talking to me, coming out with all the clichés about what to do next – for the first 50 yards I wanted to strangle him, for the next 50 yards I started listening to him and for the last 50 yards I believed him. I was in the zone, then out of it and then back in it again – that really doesn’t happen very often.

“In that moment of time I do believe Ronan made the difference – with any other caddie I would have thought I had lost The Open but my caddie believed in me. It’s all about creating your own reality when you’re on the golf course.

“The Number One criteria is matching the personality – it’s about getting on the same wavelength and the caddie’s opinion is a moderation of your opinion. The ideal situation is that we are both thinking the same thing and we both think it should be the same club – if not, he has to say it. If you are in harmony, you know what the other guy is thinking and then everything is easy.”

The caddies of European Ryder Cup players Justin Rose and Henrik Stenson wait on the green during their fourballs 40th Ryder Cup match at Gleneagles

HSBC Global Head of Sponsorship & Events Giles Morgan said: “The player-caddie dynamic is one of the great partnerships in sport and never is this relationship more crucial than when facing the challenge of arguably the toughest test in world golf at The Open Championship – this is where the depth of this special relationship comes to the fore.

“As a proud patron of The Open we wanted to highlight this by commissioning a new piece of research which looks a little deeper. In golf, as in business, relationships are fundamental to success and as a global banking and financial services organisation we wanted to further explore the vital ingredients of a winning team.”


This article is replicated courtesy of HSBC Golf and Loughborough University. For more details on HSBC’s golf activities, visit www.hsbcgolf.com, and for more information on this research and Loughborough University visit http://eur.pe/1xfkKRs.

This article originally featured in International Golf Pro News. Visit the IGPN Page to find out more and subscribe for free.

HSBC GolfAuthor: HSBC Golf

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